smartmontools,查看硬盘的使用时间

Linux/Windows服务器、系统、网络、运营等过程中的一些疑难杂症和经验分享
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gongyi
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注册时间: 2018年 11月 2日 09:58 星期五

smartmontools,查看硬盘的使用时间

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代码: 全选

apt-get install smartmontools

使用如下命令查看硬盘挂载在哪个目录下

代码: 全选

df -h

比如说硬盘挂载在/dev/sda1, 那就使用如下命令查看“”

代码: 全选

smartctl --all /dev/sda1 

假设结果如下:

smartctl 6.6 2016-05-31 r4324 [armv7l-linux-4.14.71-v7+] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-16, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Vendor: Lenovo
Product: USB Hard Drive
Revision: 1A
Compliance: SPC-4
User Capacity: 1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB]
Logical block size: 512 bytes
Serial number: 624P0LOT
Device type: disk
Local Time is: Tue Nov 13 10:32:38 2018 HKT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Disabled

SMART Disabled. Use option -s with argument 'on' to enable it.
---------------------

发现并没有读到我们想要的信息,我们需要把SMART 打开,使用如下命令:

代码: 全选

smartctl -s on --all /dev/sda1 

读取成功
可以使用管道直接看到上电使用时间:

代码: 全选

smartctl -s on --all /dev/sda1 | grep Power_On_Hours
结果如下:

9 Power_On_Hours 0x0032 094 094 000 Old_age Always - 2648

最后一个数字2648表示用了2648小时了。

如果你读取用USB连接的移动硬盘时,很可能会出现如下错误:

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
...
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled
Temperature Warning: Disabled or Not Supported

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Health Status: OK
Current Drive Temperature: 0 C
Drive Trip Temperature: 0 C

Error Counter logging not supported

Device does not support Self Test logging
---------------------
那么使用如下命令可以解决问题:

代码: 全选

smartctl -d sat --all /dev/sda1
输出结果如下:

smartctl 6.6 2016-05-31 r4324 [armv7l-linux-4.14.71-v7+] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-16, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model: TOSHIBA MQ01ABD100M
Serial Number: 8624P0LOT
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000039 7323008ce
Firmware Version: AX1P1A
User Capacity: 1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB]
Sector Sizes: 512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate: 5400 rpm
Form Factor: 2.5 inches
Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is: SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is: Tue Nov 13 11:31:29 2018 HKT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Status not supported: Incomplete response, ATA output registers missing
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status: (0x00) Offline data collection activity
was never started.
Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status: ( 0) The previous self-test routine completed
without error or no self-test has ever
been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection: ( 120) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
Suspend Offline collection upon new
command.
Offline surface scan supported.
Self-test supported.
No Conveyance Self-test supported.
Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities: (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
power-saving mode.
Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability: (0x01) Error logging supported.
General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time: ( 2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: ( 255) minutes.
SCT capabilities: (0x003d) SCT Status supported.
SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
SCT Feature Control supported.
SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME FLAG VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE UPDATED WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate 0x000b 100 100 050 Pre-fail Always - 0
2 Throughput_Performance 0x0005 100 100 050 Pre-fail Offline - 0
3 Spin_Up_Time 0x0027 100 100 001 Pre-fail Always - 2355
4 Start_Stop_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 706
5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct 0x0033 100 100 050 Pre-fail Always - 0
7 Seek_Error_Rate 0x000b 100 100 050 Pre-fail Always - 0
8 Seek_Time_Performance 0x0005 100 100 050 Pre-fail Offline - 0
9 Power_On_Hours 0x0032 094 094 000 Old_age Always - 2648
10 Spin_Retry_Count 0x0033 114 100 030 Pre-fail Always - 0
12 Power_Cycle_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 498
191 G-Sense_Error_Rate 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 878
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 27
193 Load_Cycle_Count 0x0032 099 099 000 Old_age Always - 17413
194 Temperature_Celsius 0x0022 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 38 (Min/Max 7/49)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 0
197 Current_Pending_Sector 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable 0x0030 100 100 000 Old_age Offline - 0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count 0x0032 200 200 000 Old_age Always - 0
220 Disk_Shift 0x0002 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 0
222 Loaded_Hours 0x0032 096 096 000 Old_age Always - 1819
223 Load_Retry_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 0
224 Load_Friction 0x0022 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 0
226 Load-in_Time 0x0026 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 264
240 Head_Flying_Hours 0x0001 100 100 001 Pre-fail Offline - 0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
ATA Error Count: 1
CR = Command Register [HEX]
FR = Features Register [HEX]
SC = Sector Count Register [HEX]
SN = Sector Number Register [HEX]
CL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX]
CH = Cylinder High Register [HEX]
DH = Device/Head Register [HEX]
DC = Device Command Register [HEX]
ER = Error register [HEX]
ST = Status register [HEX]
Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as
DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,
SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It "wraps" after 49.710 days.

Error 1 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 1657 hours (69 days + 1 hours)
When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

After command completion occurred, registers were:
ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
40 51 58 40 f9 a7 46 Error: UNC 88 sectors at LBA = 0x06a7f940 = 111671616

Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- --------------------
25 ff 00 98 f6 a7 40 00 01:34:49.548 READ DMA EXT
25 ff 00 98 f2 a7 40 00 01:34:49.534 READ DMA EXT
25 ff a8 f0 f1 a7 40 00 01:34:49.493 READ DMA EXT
25 ff 00 f0 ed a7 40 00 01:34:49.488 READ DMA EXT
25 ff 00 f0 e9 a7 40 00 01:34:49.481 READ DMA EXT

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged. [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
SPAN MIN_LBA MAX_LBA CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
1 0 0 Not_testing
2 0 0 Not_testing
3 0 0 Not_testing
4 0 0 Not_testing
5 0 0 Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.
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